What Is the Grant Lifecycle?

The grant lifecycle refers to the entire process a grant goes through—from creating the opportunity through implementation and ending with the closeout. While the grant lifecycle can be long and includes some complex elements, it also has a lot of consistency and follows a relatively linear path.

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The grant lifecycle is comprised of three distinct phases: Pre-Award, Award, and Post Award. These main three phases are consistent across the different federal grant-making agencies as defined by the Uniform Guidance for Federal Awards. Continue reading What Is the Grant Lifecycle?

What Is a Government Grant and Pass-Through Funding?

You can find a lot of websites about “government grants,” but not all of these sources are using this term in the same way. So, what is a government grant?

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As we’ve written about before, a federal grant is one form of federal financial assistance in which the main purpose is to carry out a public purpose. In such a grant, this is typically done by transferring anything of value (typically funding) from the federal agency to a non-federal entity.

The phrase “government” grant, on the other hand, is not an official term, but rather a common way people refer to a grant that is awarded by a governmental entity to another entity. In the U.S., this generally refers to the federal, state, or local government levels. On Grants.gov, we only have federal grant postings.

Continue reading What Is a Government Grant and Pass-Through Funding?

What Is a Cooperative Agreement?

On Grants.gov, we obviously have government grants, but you will also find a lot of “cooperative agreements” while searching for funding opportunities. This is because cooperative agreements and grants are very similar, but with one big distinction.

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Both cooperative agreements and grants are “a legal instrument of financial assistance between a Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity and a non-Federal entity” as defined in the OMB Uniform Guidance (§200.24 for cooperative agreement and §200.51 for grant agreement).

Both cooperative agreements and grants “transfer anything of value from the Federal awarding agency or pass-through entity to the non-Federal entity to carry out a public purpose.”

So, What’s the One Big Distinction?

Continue reading What Is a Cooperative Agreement?

Exploring Eligibility: Individuals Seeking “Grants” for House Repairs

One of the most frequent types of questions we receive is, “My house needs some repairs. Can you please give me a grant?” At the core of this type of question are two underlying questions:

  1. What is a grant?
  2. Am I eligible for a grant (or other type of government assistance)?

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Let’s explore the eligibility question here.

Continue reading Exploring Eligibility: Individuals Seeking “Grants” for House Repairs

What Is a Block Grant?

Click here to read the updated “What Is a Block Grant?” post.


The term “block grant” refers to grant programs that provide federal assistance for broadly defined functions, such as community development or social services. Block grants allow the grant recipient more discretion than other grants in determining how to use the funds to meet a broader program goal.

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Federal block grants are typically for U.S. state or territory governments and allow these government entities to determine specifically how to allocate and spend the funding. Of course, there are rules and guidelines for implementation that vary with each grant program as defined in the authorizing statute. Continue reading What Is a Block Grant?

#FundingFriday: 5 Government Grants Posted this Week (May 31 – June 3)

Following the Memorial Day weekend, federal agencies have posted a variety of new funding opportunities. Here’s 5 different federal grants posted this week:

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1. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) – ROSES 2016: Atmospheric Composition: Upper Atmospheric Composition Observation

Continue reading #FundingFriday: 5 Government Grants Posted this Week (May 31 – June 3)

What Is a Mandatory Grant?

Mandatory grants are a type of grant that must be awarded to each eligible applicant (generally a government entity) based on the conditions defined in the authorizing statute. Must be awarded? Authorizing statute? What does all that mean?

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Let’s break it down by looking at the life of a mandatory grant:

Continue reading What Is a Mandatory Grant?